Global solar Doppler velocity determination with the GOLF/SoHO instrument

TitleGlobal solar Doppler velocity determination with the GOLF/SoHO instrument
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsGarcía, R. A., Turck-Chièze S., Boumier P., Robillot J. M., Bertello L., Charra J., Dzitko H., Gabriel A. H., Jiménez-Reyes S. J., Pallé P. L., Renaud C., Roca_Cortés T., and Ulrich R. K.
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Date PublishedOct

The Global Oscillation at Low Frequencies (GOLF) experiment is a resonant scattering spectrophotometer on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SoHO) mission, originally designed to measure the disk-integrated solar oscillations of the Sun. This instrument was designed in a relative photometric mode involving both wings of the neutral sodium doublet (D₁ at λ 5896 and D₂ at λ 5890 Å). However, a ''one-wing'' photometric mode has been selected to ensure 100% continuity in the measurements after a problem in the polarization mechanisms. Thus the velocity is obtained from only two points on the same wing of the lines. This operating configuration imposes tighter constraints on the stability of the instrument with a higher sensitivity to instrumental variations. In this paper we discuss the evolution of the instrument during the last 8 years in space and the corrections applied to the measured counting rates due to known instrumental effects. We also describe a scaling procedure to obtain the variation of the Doppler velocity based on our knowledge of the sodium profile slope and we compare it to previous velocity estimations.